FIGHT AGAINST MALARIA.

By Maliki Duro, Abuja.

Dr. Audu Bala Mohammed, National Coordinator, National Malaria Elimination
Programme (NMEP), Federal Ministry Of Health, Delivered His Remarks At the
1st 2019 Bi-Annual Media Chart, in Abuja, 24/06/2019.

As you all aware, Malaria is a life threatening parasitic disease
transmitted through the bite of an infected female anopheles mosquito.
Though a preventable and treatable disease.

It is one of the biggest public health and developmental challenges in
Nigeria and responsible for significant losses of lives, especially
pregnant woman and children under five.

Dr. Audu said Nigeria has made significant gains in the control of malaria
among which,
The utilization of mosquito nets in children under five years of age
increase from 6% in 2008 to 49% in 2015. Insecticide Treated net (ITN)
ownership ( households with 1 ITN) was up from 8% in 2008 to 69% in 2015.

However, one of the critical means of addressing the increasing malaria
burden in a way that is effective, sustainable and bridging existing
resource requirement gaps is by ensuring adequate international and
domestic funding stream.

It is important to engage all key stakeholders and the private sector to
complement what the government of Nigeria (both federal and state) is
providing as well as expand partnership by calling on stakeholders in all
areas to invest and intensify their engagement in the fight against Malaria.

This is a clarion call for individuals, family and businesses to take
leadership roles in controlling Malaria, protecting their workers and their
families, strengthening their businesses extending programmes into
communities.

Sickle Cell Community organizes kiddies treat & sensitization on management of sickle cell disorder

The sickle cell community has organized a kiddies treat and a sensitization
lecture on management of the disorder for the children to Mark the world
sickle cell day on the 19th of June 2019.

Asmau Ahmad the president to the community said the event was aimed for
the children to be familiar with what triggers their crisis, measures to
avoid the crisis and also educate their parents on the disorder itself
and how to manage the crisis. The event also gives an opportunity for the kids
to socialize with other children with sickle cell and also have fun. Also
most parents who we a
address as care givers have little knowledge on how to manage children
living with sickle cell disease, the event spurs doctors that gave tips for
the parents and also for the kids in order to manage their lives.

Saleh Faruq Gqgarawa the spokesperson to the sickle cell community added that Most children living with sickle cell feel isolated and do not socialize with other children on circumstances like stigmatization and others. The event provided the opportunity for the kids to look up to adults living with sickle cell and how they have achieved in life making them understand that sickle cell does not hinder their success.

“We are also calling on the attention of the government especially the
federal government to give more emphasis in addressing sickle cell
disease, we want the government of the day to take a look at the issues
related to sickle cell disorder or how it can be managed by not just
creating awareness on genotype testing before marriage but also on measures
to address persons living with the disorder across the nation”.

Sickle Cell: ‘Why genotype tests give wrong results’

Professor Sagir Ahmed, a consultant hematologist at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH), has explained why many prospective couples who submitted themselves for genotype testing before marriage could end up with wrong results.

Speaking to newsmen on Saturday during the celebration of the 2019 World Sickle Cell and Blood Donation Day at Bayero University Kano (BUK), Professor Ahmed said there were two issues concerning the increase in birth of children with sickle cell disorder despite the intense sensitization on the problem.

Speaking to newsmen on Saturday during the celebration of the 2019 World Sickle Cell and Blood Donation Day at Bayero University Kano (BUK), Professor Ahmed said there were two issues concerning the increase in birth of children with sickle cell disorder despite the intense sensitization on the problem.

“As far as genotype testing is concerned, there are two issues: One, those who deliberately refuse to do the testing before marriage should know that they are responsible for whatever happen to their children after marriage.

“Two, There are those who submit themselves to hospital for the genotype testing but the test results were wrongly issued. Usually, this happen when the test is done using ordinary method,” he said.

“There are several methods by which genotype can be determined and the commonest method is called hemoglobin electrophoresis. On the other hand, the sophisticated method is called hemoglobin chromatography.

“I will advise individuals who are about to get married to to have their genotype determined by hemoglobin chromatography genotype test and this is available at AKTH and possibly, other hospitals in Kano,” he added.

Professor Ahmed said many couples end up getting wrong genotype test results because they opt for the electrophoresis method of test which he said is cheaper and prone to errors.

On the management of sickle cell disease, the expert, who also lectures at the BUK hematology department, identified the key factors that could cause, pain, known as “crisis” in patients.

On the management of sickle cell disease, the expert, who also lectures at the BUK hematology department, identified the key factors that could cause, pain, known as “crisis” in patients.

He said in addition to malaria and other infections, menstruation, pregnancy and psychological and mental issues could also trigger crisis.

Culled from Daily Trust.

Nigerian public health, to enforce the National Tobacco Control Act 2015.

The Nigerian Tobacco Control Alliance NTCA and the Nigerian public health, Environmental Tobacco Control, Economic and Social Justice non governmental organization has called on the Federal Government to enforce the National Tobacco Control Act 2015.

Concerned about the rising smoking rate and consequential health and economic impact in the country, the Program Manager, Oluwaseun Esan addressing journalist at a campaign to stop increase rising of smoke in the country today in Abuja, said “we are concerned about the rising rate continues to dip in other continents.

According to the World Health Organization WHO reports in the country, ” Tobacco use accounts for an estimated 16,100 death every year with more than 3.5 million Nigerians ( 15 years and older) and more than 25,000 children ( 10 – 14 years ) using tobacco daily”.

Mr Oluwaseun added that , they are aware of the current session of the National Assembly will end on June 6 thereby necessitating that the National Assembly needs to approve the draft Regulations within the week

” We would like to point out that the tobacco industry will embark on both overt and covert activities targeted at derailing the passage of this very important Public Health Regulation and further remind members of the National Assembly that Nigeria as signatory to the FCTC is bound by the convention’s Article 5.3 to place public health and tobacco control above the commercial interest of the tobacc companies and their allies.

Sickle cell disease patients cries out over drugs control

An estimated number of 40% Nigerian youths has gone into wild drug abuse.
 Many traditional rulers like the Emir of Kano Sanusi lamido Sanusi has also shown much concern about drug abuse.
This action portside the country with no alternative but to adopt measures to curve insensible drug abuse.
The Nigerian government in the year 2018 took the bull and banned the importation as well as manufacturing of some strong syrups which are being abused.  As well the country took measures to control the sale of some strong pain relievers.
The measure taking by the Nigerian government has helped a lot and degrees the number of drug abuse in the country.
However, this same measure taking to curve the rate of drug abuse in the country has as well affected some citizens of the country living with sickle cell disease
About 25% of adults throughout the country have the sickle cell trait, a quite number of the population are living with sickle cell disease.
The Sickle cell community of Nigeria has cried out over the stalwart containment of pain relievers which are mostly used by those living with sickle cell disease whenever in crisis or rather in pains.
 Saleh Faruq Gagarawa the Media strategies of the Sickle Cell community Nigeria in an interview with journalists expressed concern over the regulation of the drugs used by the sickle cell warriors whenever in crisis.
In a brief chat with journalists the media strategies to the community Saleh however applauded the efforts of the government in addressing drug abuse but disclosed that the people living with sickle cell disease are at most times denied purchase of the pain relievers when in sickle cell crisis which has on several bases resolved to hospitalization of their members or serious Sickle Cell crisis.
” Most times the sickle cell warriors use the pain relievers as first aid to reduce the pains or even abort it completely, especially at midnight we mostly have crisis at midnight and these pain relievers are what help us to reduce the pains of sickle cell crisis before we move to the hospital during the daytime, we face a lot of problems before we get to the hospital in pains.”
The community has seriously persuaded against  drug abuse by its members so most point in time our members identifies themselves as Sickle Cell carriers with an identification card when in crisis but still are at most times forward acquisition of the drugs.” Saleh said
Saleh Faruq added that the Sickle Cell Community also took its basic nips to address being addicted to these drugs vitally used by sickle cell disease patients whenever in sickle cell crisis.
” We’ve already implemented a weekly sensitization session for our members to prevent them from being addicted to the pain relievers and we mostly invite a hematologist and a counselor to advise and guide the members on how to prevent themselves from the crisis and being addicted to drugs”.
Saleh Faruq further appealed to the Nigerian government to review it’s the policy of drugs control and give much priority to those living with sickle cell disease in the country.

New Outbreak of Haemorrhagic Fever Claims Lives in Edo

There is an outbreak of hemorrhagic fever presently claiming lives in Edo State, LEADERSHIP Sunday has learnt.

According to the United States National Library of Medicine, like the Ebola virus, the Lassa virus causes a viral hemorrhagic fever. All viral hemorrhagic fevers have common features including blood vessel damage and harm to many organs in the body.

This sickness, in the past few days, has killed many people in communities including Igeduma and Ekpoma and environs in Edo State.

Meanwhile, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), yesterday, confirmed knowledge of a suspected outbreak of yellow fever in the state.

In a statement, chief executive officer, NCDC, Dr. Chikwe Ihekweazu, said following the report of an outbreak of fever of unknown origin in four local government areas in Edo State, the state public health team commenced investigation.

According to him, “On the 21st of November 2018, nine cases tested positive for yellow fever. We await confirmatory results from the WHO Regional Reference Laboratory.

“The Edo State Epidemiology Team is working with NCDC, National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) and World Health Organisation (WHO) to carry out a detailed investigation and response to the already confirmed cases.

“The NCDC has deployed a rapid response team to support the state with contact tracing, risk communications, and management of cases.

There are ongoing plans to begin a vaccination campaign in the state in response to the cluster of cases.”

How hard is it to get pregnant if you have polycystic ovary syndrome?

But there are things that stand in the way of conceiving, such as Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) – a condition that may hinder getting pregnant as it affects a woman’s hormone levels.

It causes irregular or no ovulation, which means the egg isn’t released and you can’t get pregnant. Affecting as many as one in ten women, PCOS is a worry for people who want to start a family, but there are still options for those wanting to have children. Professor Adam Balen, a spokesperson for the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists told Metro.co.uk that PCOS is the most common hormonal disturbance to affect women.

‘Treatment may depend on what the main concerns are for particular symptoms. Irregular and unpredictable periods can be unpleasant and an inconvenience. If a woman doesn’t want to conceive, she may be prescribed a low dose combined oral contraceptive pill. If ovulation occurs erratically, it may take longer than average for a woman to become pregnant. ‘

There are a number of treatment options available to stimulate regular ovulation including taking clomifene tablets, which encourages the monthly release of an egg from the ovaries. If medication isn’t successful, women may be offered hormone injections. ‘

Women who are overweight have a reduced chance of conception and are at increased risk of miscarriage and other pregnancy-related complications. They are encouraged to lose weight before trying to conceive, whether naturally or through fertility treatment. To actively maintain a healthy body weight, women are advised to eat a well-balanced, healthy diet and take part in regular exercise.

’ Though there’s no cure for PCOS, there are treatments you can try to help and some women with the condition, have been able to get pregnant completely naturally. Mum Tarryn Poulton, founder of PCOS Diet Support, was able to conceive naturally after being diagnosed ten years ago.

She told Metro.co.uk how diet is a big part of the solution. ‘Many women are diagnosed with PCOS when they first start trying to conceive,’ she said. ‘The birth control pill masks many of the symptoms and when women with PCOS stop taking the pill, the symptoms of PCOS come to light.

‘This was the case with me. When I was diagnosed with PCOS over 10 years ago, my doctor was very unhelpful. Her suggestion was to either go back on the pill (which is not an option when you are trying to conceive) or to be referred to a fertility clinic.

‘Difficulties regulating insulin are part and parcel of PCOS. If women with PCOS are able to manage those insulin levels, they are more likely to see improvements in their androgens (a type of hormone) and levels of inflammation, which in turn improves ovulation and boosts fertility.’

 

7 Foods to Never Give Your Kids

It was tough to come up with only seven foods to never feed your kids. There are a lot of unhealthy foods out there. Many will set your child up for a lifetime of bad health and obesity.

Kids foods are aggressively marketed during children’s TV programs and brightly packaged with friendly cartoons. It can be hard to fight with your kid at the grocery store.

However, kids’ foods are so bad for kids that you absolutely must refuse to buy them. Start them out right and hopefully they will have a healthier life.

We’ve boiled it down to the seven absolute worst kids’ foods out there. You’ll find some surprising! And numbers five and seven are pretty depressing.

7. Sweetened Drinks Like Fruit Juice

Kids love sugar. Sugar is really bad for kids. Sports drinks, fruit juice, sodas… all those yummy drinks with bright colored labels and targeted advertising should never be consumed by children.

Even 100% fruit juice is not healthy. Fruit contains a lot of sugar as well as fiber and nutrients. When it is juiced, you lose the fiber and many of the other nutrients. What you keep is the sugar.

HEALTH TIPS: 7 Nutritional Foods to Decrease the Level of Cholesterol

Your body naturally creates cholesterol. You need it to build cells, digest food, produce hormones and generate Vitamin D.

The problem is that too much of the Low Density Lipoproteins (LDLs) or “bad” cholesterol may cause coronary heart disease and heart attacks. You can get too much LDL from eating the wrong food but also from diabetes, liver and kidney disease, an underactive thyroid gland and other nasty diseases.

You can take drugs to help lower your LDLs or you can try a regime of eating right, exercising, and losing weight. Some foods can help you lower your level cholesterol (and may help you lose weight).

Check out these seven foods… and we’ll give you a special one at the very end (you will most definitely LOVE it!).

1. Avocados

One avocado a day can lower LDL levels. They are rich in mono-unsaturated fats and high in fiber. Both lower LDL and raise HDL or good cholesterol. Using avocado oil can help lower LDL and triglycerides (blood fats) as well.

Use avocados in place of mayonnaise, on top of sandwiches, or on a leafy green salad. Turn them into smoothies or make avocado bread. Like zucchini, avocado can hide in everything and lower your cholesterol at the same time.

Eating beans, peas, and lentils may help lower cholesterol. Use legumes in place of refined grains (white flour and white rice) and meats.  The fiber, minerals and plant-based protein in legumes can help lower LDL.

Eat at least ½ a cup a day. Obviously, you don’t want to cook them in fat or mix the lard into refried beans. Don’t over-salt them, either since salt is hard on the heart. There are several dozen varieties of legumes out there, so try them all!

Dogs can now detect malaria

Sniff dogs could be trained to detect malaria in people infected with the
disease even if they are not showing symptoms, according to a new study by
Durham University.

“While our findings are at an early stage, in principle we have shown that
dogs could be trained to detect malaria infected people by their odour with
a credible degree of accuracy,” Steven Lindsay, lead researcher from Durham
University, said in a press release.

Researchers from the Medical Research Council Unit of The Gambia and the
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine used nylon socks to collect
foot odour samples from apparently healthy children aged five to 14 in the
Upper River Region of The Gambia in West Africa.

A total of 175 sock samples were tested, including those of 30
malaria-positive children identified by the study using finger-prick tests
and 145 from uninfected children.

The sock samples were then transported to Britain where dogs were trained
to distinguish between the scent of children infected with malaria
parasites and those who were uninfected.

According to the researchers, the dogs were able to correctly identify 70
per cent of the malaria-infected samples.

They were also able to correctly identify 90 per cent of the samples
without malaria parasites.

The study, presented Monday at the American Society of Tropical Medicine
and Hygiene Annual Meeting in the U.S. city of New Orleans, could
potentially lead to the first rapid and non-invasive test for malaria.

The researchers believe that artificial odor sensors might be developed in
the future to detect malaria parasites, but until then trained dogs could
be a useful alternative at ports of entry.

According to the World Health Organisation’s latest World Malaria Report,
there were an estimated 216 million cases of malaria in 2016, an increase
of five million cases over the previous year.

Deaths reached 445,000, a similar number to the previous year.